Health status of a particular society depends on its socio-economic, cultural and demographic structure of the population.
The neo-natal, infant and under 5 mortality rates provide refined indicators for drawing any conclusions regarding health development of a population. It is one of the indicators for making population policy program and its implementation.
The study of Infant and Child deaths has been a strong device to elucidate changes and variations in population distribution of a nation. the extent and trend of IMR indicate social development of a region and it also shows the physical, psychological and economic state of a female.
it’s also been increasingly realized, for several reasons, that child mortality i.e. mortality under age five needs to be examined in addition to infant deathrate (UNO, 1988).Obviously, a decrease in IMR indicates the rise within the probability of survival of a toddler .
it’s been seen that the mothers ageing but 20 years and more than 35 are most likely to experience more infant deaths as compared to the mothers of aged between 20 to 35 years. Among the eight Millennium Goals for India, MDG 4 (Millennium Development Goals 4) targeted the kid survival and to scale back IMR by two thirds (28 deaths per thousand) in the period 1990 to 2015.
Though significant decrease has been observed in infant mortality rates of India over the last three decades from 102 in 1982 to 47 in 2010 still it’s much higher in comparison to many other developing countries in south and east Asia. it’s been observed that in developing countries usually the number of deaths is either underreported or misreported.
The EAG (Empowered Action Group) states were formerly known as BIMARU states. This comprised of Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh , Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Uttaranchal and Odisha. EAG states cover an outsized a part of the country’s population and geographic area .
These states cover 48per cent of the entire population of India therefore it becomes a clear need to review how the health and nutrition status of the population is changing. Madhya Pradesh (62) followed by Odisha and Uttar Pradesh (61) have the highest value of IMR in the country